Whistleblowing: What can be reported?

All reports of behaviour, risks, crimes, irregularities to the detriment of individuals, legal entities or the public interest are considered relevant. Since there is no exhaustive and unambiguous list of offences that constitute the subject of a report, this may concern actions or omissions, whether committed or attempted, provided that they are:

  • criminally relevant;
  • put in place in violation of codes of conduct or other company regulations that are subject to disciplinary sanctions;
  • likely to cause pecuniary harm to the administration to which the author belongs, or to another public institution;
  • likely to cause harm to the image of the institution;
  • likely to cause harm to the health or safety of employees, users and citizens or to cause harm to the environment;
  • prejudicial to the users of the institution, for employees, and others who carry out their activities at the institution.

Whistleblowing does not concern personal grievances, claims and instances that fall under the employment regulations, or that involve the sphere of relations with hierarchical superiors or colleagues, for which reference should be made to the relevant regulations and procedures. 

Reported misconduct must relate to situations of which the author of the report has become directly or indirectly aware, including by chance, as a result of the employment relationship and of the role held.

Reports based on suspicion or gossip, on the other hand, cannot be considered worthy of protection because it is necessary to consider the interest of the third parties who are the subject of the information reported, and at the same time avoid the administration or institution carrying out internal inspection activities that are likely to prove of little use, and in any case wasteful.

Finally, the requirement of truthfulness of facts for the protection of the accused remains in place.

By way of example, the following is a list of the different types of offences that can be selected when creating a report:

  • Corruption
  • Incitement to corruption
  • Abuse and mistreatment
  • Theft
  • Wrongdoing
  • Mobbing
  • Absenteeism
  • Violent or harassing behaviour
  • Other


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